Eligibility for a CRBA

BIRTHS AND CITIZENSHIP

 

It is essential to come prepared when applying for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA).  If the forms are completed incorrectly, or you are missing certain documents, that will significantly delay the processing of your application.  Please take extra time and care when filling out the required forms.

RELEVANT FORMS FOR A CRBA

Form title Number Instructions
CRBA Application DS-2029 Print every page on a separate sheet of paper. Double-sided forms CANNOT be processed.
For the U.S. citizen parent(s) questions 24/25 are particularly important.  Try to list ALL your time spent in the U.S., regardless of how long or short the period.  Note that time spent outside of the U.S. should not be listed.  Try to answer to the best of your recollection.  A non-U.S. citizen parent need not list time spent in the U.S. Do not sign this form until asked to do so by the Consular officer.
CRBA Checklist 2019_EN Print every page and review all requirements prior to the interview date.
First Passport Application DS-11 Print the actual form pages only, on two separate sheets.  Fill out this form but do not sign it.
Affidavit of Physical Presence or Residence, Parentage and Support DS-5507 Optional form:  This form contains information already included in the CRBA Application (DS-2029), but can be used as a supplement if desired.  This is particularly useful with the U.S. citizen father is not married to the child’s mother and/or will not attend the interview.
Statement of Consent for Issuing a Passport to a Child DS-3053 If only one parent can be present at the time of application for a passport, a written statement DS-3053, signed by the non-appearing parent in the presence of a notary, must be submitted.  In the form, the absent parent agrees to the issuance of a passport.Don’t forget to bring a copy of the identity document used at the notary’s.
Statement of Exigent/Special Family Circumstance DS-5525 This statement of exigent/special family circumstances for issuance of a U.S. passport to a minor under age 16 must be completed with as much detail as possible.

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APPLYING FOR A CRBA AT U.S. EMBASSY CONAKRY

An American citizen child born outside the United States will be issued a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA).  This document establishes the child’s status as an American citizen and is recognized as the equivalent of a birth certificate issued in the United States.  We recommend that parents apply as soon as possible after your child’s birth, as the CRBA must be issued before the child may apply for a United States passport.  A CRBA may not be issued to a child over 18 years old.

Both parents and child must personally appear at the U.S. Embassy.  If the U.S. citizen parent cannot be present for the interview, please see ‘Information for Applications Where U.S. Citizen Parent Is Not Present for the Interview’ found below.

All applicants must fully complete the CRBA application prior to the interview.  If the child was born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen father, or if the U.S. citizen parent is not present at the interview, the applicants should also complete an Affidavit of Physical Presence or Residence, Parentage and Support.  It must be completed by the U.S. citizen parent and duly notarized by a U.S. commissioned notary or a U.S. Consular Officer.  We do not accept documents notarized by Guinean notaries.

Please complete all relevant sections of the CRBA application in block letters and black ink.  Names should be listed as they appear on the passport or national ID card.

Please note that the U.S. citizen parent must list all travel in and out of the United States, to include exact dates of entry and exit.  Physical presence tables are found on both the CRBA application and Affidavit of Physical Presence or Residence, Parentage and Support forms.

See the following example to better understand how to list physical presence on either form:

Place (City, State) Date (month-day-year) Date (month-day-year)
Bronx, NY From 03-17-2011 To 05-25-2015
Upper Darby, PA From 06-23-2016 To 12-23-2016
Brooklyn, NY From 02-13-2017 To 09-15-2017
Bronx, NY From 04-07-2018 To 08-15-2018

 

Do not sign the application.  If both parents will attend the CRBA appointment, which we recommend, you sign the application at the interview in front of a Consular Officer.  If the U.S. citizen parent cannot be present for the interview, please see ‘Information for Applications Where U.S. Citizen Parent Is Not Present for the Interview’ found below.

Read this checklist found in the list of relevant CRBA forms very carefully and ensure that you collect all documents as you follow the instructions.  Bring this checklist with you to your appointment, signed, and dated.

  • Birth certificate issued by the authorities of Guinea along with a certified English translation.
  • If the parents are married, the Marriage certificate along with a certified English translation.
  • If either parent was previously married, evidence of termination of previous marriage(s) along with a certified English translation.  Typical evidence could include a divorce order, annulment decree or death certificate.
  • Proof of U.S. parent’s citizenship.  This could include a U.S. passport, naturalization certificate or U.S. birth certificate.
  • Proof of identify for non-U.S. parent.  This could include a passport or national identification card.
  • Passport photos of the child.
    • A color photo for a U.S. passport must be 2″x2″ (5×5 centimeters) in size.  Background must be white and the applicant must look straight into the camera.  No eye glasses should be worn.  Eyes should be open.

On the day of your appointment, you must present sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the U.S. citizen parent was physically present in the U.S. for a sufficient amount of time to transmit citizenship.

For birth on or after November 14, 1986, the U.S. citizen parent must have been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years prior to the person’s birth, at least two of which were after the age of fourteen.

For birth between December 24, 1952 and November 13, 1986, the U.S. citizen parent must have been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for 10 years prior to the person’s birth, at least five of which were after the age of 14 for the person to acquire U.S. citizenship at birth.

Please complete this physical presence worksheet (PDF 78 KB), showing all dates you have been in and out of the United States, and bring a printed copy to your CRBA appointment.

Learn more about transmitting citizenship here.

On the day of your appointment, you must present sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the applicant is the biological child of the U.S. Citizen parent(s).  The following show the qualifying relationship for both in wedlock and out of wedlock births:

Child born in wedlock to one U.S. citizen parent

A child born outside the United States to one U.S. citizen parent and one non-U.S. citizen parent may be entitled to citizenship providing the U.S. citizen parent has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years, at least two years of which were after reaching the age of fourteen, prior to the birth of the child.  These five years do not need to be consecutive.

Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother

A child born outside the United States, out of wedlock, before June 12, 2017, to a U.S. citizen mother may be entitled to U.S. citizenship providing the U.S. citizen mother has been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of at least one year (365 days uninterrupted) at some time prior to the birth of the child.

A child born outside the United States, out of wedlock, on or after June 12, 2017, to a U.S. citizen mother may be entitled to U.S. citizenship providing the U.S. citizen mother has been physically present in the United States for a minimum of five years total, two at least must have been after age 14.  All must be prior to the birth of the child.

NOTE: Periods spent overseas with the U.S. government/military or as a government/military dependent, are NOT considered as physical presence in the U.S. for transmission under this category.

Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen father

A child born outside the United States out of wedlock to a U.S. Citizen father may be entitled to U.S. Citizenship providing the U.S. citizen father has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years, at least two years after age 14.

In addition, the U.S. citizen father must acknowledge paternity and agree in writing to provide financial support for the child until s/he reaches the age of 18 years.

The American Citizen Services (ACS) section in Conakry accepts applications for Consular Reports of Birth Abroad by appointment only.  To schedule an appointment for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA), click here and follow the instructions. Make certain you choose the correct service on the ACS Appointment System – Choose Service(s) page.

Applicants must come with all required forms and documents as listed above. All forms must be completed prior to the day of the appointment.  The child’s presence is required.  The CRBA application fee is $100 per application and is payable on the day of the appointment.  Fees are payable in U.S. dollars or the equivalent in Guinean Francs.  All fees must be paid in cash in a single currency.  Credit cards are not accepted.  Fees are non-refundable.

If any of the of the required forms, documents or fees are not ready on the day of your appointment, the appointment will be cancelled.

Tips for your appointment

  • Previous successful applications you submitted for other children are not relevant to new applications.  You must bring all required and supporting documents with you for each application.
  • Hard-copy printouts of all forms and photos is required.  In many cases, the original document is required.  See both ‘Relevant Forms for a CRBA’ and ‘Step Two: Gather Required Documents and Supporting Evidence’ for more information.
  • If the adjudicating officers is unable to conclusively determine from available evidence the parentage of the child, additional proof of parentage could be required.  In these cases, the officer may recommend DNA Testing.  Do not begin the process of DNA Testing unless additional proof of parentage is determined necessary by the adjudicating officer.

Information for Applications Where U.S. Citizen Parent Is Not Present for Interview

We highly recommend that the parent who is transmitting U.S. citizenship to the child attend the CRBA interview.  If the U.S. citizen parent is unable to attend the CRBA interview, then he or she must:

  • Complete the CRBA application, duly notarize it in front of a U.S. commissioned notary or U.S. Consular Officer, and sent the original to the parent who will attend the interview.  We do not accept documents notarized by Guinean notaries.
  • If the child was born out of wedlock, complete the Affidavit of Physical Presence or Residence, Parentage and Support, duly notarize it in front of a U.S. commissioned notary or a U.S. Consular Officer, and send the original to the parent who will attend the interview.
  • The parent attending the interview must then bring the original signed and notarized CRBA application and, if applicable, Affidavit of Physical Presence or Residence, Parentage and Support to the interview, along with the documents and evidence outlined above.  Photocopies, scanned, faxed or emailed copies of the forms will not be accepted.

Questions and Further Information

For more information, please visit the State Department’s website or send an email to ConakryACS@state.gov